Lots of articles about racial bias in AI and facial-recognition

This list of articles includes a NIH recommendation for big data and application of Critical Race Theory.

#blacklivesmatter

IBM, Microsoft, and Amazon’s face recognition bans don’t go far enough
6/13/20
Kate Kaye
https://www.fastcompany.com/90516450/ibm-microsoft-and-amazons-face-recognition-bans-dont-go-far-enough

Big tech companies back away from selling facial recognition to police. That’s progress.
Rebecca Heilweil
Jun 11, 2020
https://www.vox.com/recode/2020/6/10/21287194/amazon-microsoft-ibm-facial-recognition-moratorium-police

IBM to exit facial recognition biz, cites racial profiling
Associated Press

June 9, 2020
https://nypost.com/2020/06/09/ibm-halts-facial-recognition-amid-george-floyd-backlash/

The Women Geniuses Taking on Racial and Gender Bias in Artificial Intelligence — and Amazon
May 16, 2020
Cassie da Costa
https://www.thedailybeast.com/the-women-geniuses-taking-on-racial-and-gender-bias-in-artificial-intelligence-and-amazon?source=articles&via=rss

NYC facial-recognition software company sued over privacy, civil liberties issues
By Dean Balsamini
May 16, 2020
https://nypost.com/2020/05/16/clearview-ai-sued-over-privacy-civil-liberties-issues/

Big Data and Racial Bias: Can That Ghost Be Removed from the Machine?
Credit-market algorithms may violate anti-discrimination laws even when they’re designed not to. A Stanford researcher looks for a fix.
October 28, 2019
Katia Savchuk
https://www.gsb.stanford.edu/insights/big-data-racial-bias-can-ghost-be-removed-machine

Millions of black people affected by racial bias in health-care algorithms
26 October 2019
Heidi Ledford
https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-03228-6

Racial bias in a medical algorithm favors white patients over sicker black patients
Carolyn Y. Johnson
Oct. 24, 2019
https://www.washingtonpost.com/health/2019/10/24/racial-bias-medical-algorithm-favors-white-patients-over-sicker-black-patients/

Racial Bias Found in a Major Health Care Risk Algorithm
Black patients lose out on critical care when systems equate health needs with costs
Starre Vartan
October 24, 2019
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/racial-bias-found-in-a-major-health-care-risk-algorithm/

Here’s AOC calling out the vicious circle of white men building biased face AI
FastCompany
5/22/19
https://www.fastcompany.com/90354348/alexandria-ocasio-cortez-congress-face-recognition-hearing-ai-bias

“The cat’s out of the bag now”

GOP Oversight Youtube Hearing on Facial Recognition (I)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZbNY4F--tac

Algorithms are racist (Now So What)
Jennifer Ulloa
Apr 14, 2019 · 5 min read
https://towardsdatascience.com/algorithms-are-racist-now-what-53fc130bb203

Artificial Intelligence Has a Problem With Gender and Racial Bias. Here’s How to Solve It
Joy Buolamwini
February 7, 2019
https://time.com/5520558/artificial-intelligence-racial-gender-bias/

Big Data Could Set Insurance Premiums. Minorities Could Pay the Price.
Rachel Goodman, ACLU Racial Justice Program
July 19, 2018
https://www.aclu.org/blog/racial-justice/race-and-economic-justice/big-data-could-set-insurance-premiums-minorities-could

Health Insurers Are Vacuuming Up Details About You — And It Could Raise Your Rates
Without any public scrutiny, insurers and data brokers are predicting your health costs based on data about things like race, marital status, how much TV you watch, whether you pay your bills on time or even buy plus-size clothing.
Marshall Allen
July 17, 2018
https://www.propublica.org/article/health-insurers-are-vacuuming-up-details-about-you-and-it-could-raise-your-rates

When It Comes to Gorillas, Google Photos Remains Blind
Google promised a fix after its photo-categorization software labeled black people as gorillas in 2015. More than two years later, it hasn’t found one.
Tom Simonite
01.11.2018
https://www.wired.com/story/when-it-comes-to-gorillas-google-photos-remains-blind/

Is “Big Data” racist?
Why policing by data isn’t necessarily objective
“Concerns with predictive big data technologies appear in most big data policing models.”
Andrew Ferguson
12/29/2017
https://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2017/12/is-big-data-racist-why-policing-by-data-isnt-necessarily-objective/

Rise of the racist robots — how AI is learning all our worst impulses
Stephen Buranyi
8 Aug 2017
https://www.theguardian.com/inequality/2017/aug/08/rise-of-the-racist-robots-how-ai-is-learning-all-our-worst-impulses

Why algorithms can be racist and sexist
A computer can make a decision faster. That doesn’t make it fair.
By Rebecca Heilweil
Feb 18, 2020
https://www.vox.com/recode/2020/2/18/21121286/algorithms-bias-discrimination-facial-recognition-transparency

A solution from NIH

“Racism is a fundamental cause of racial and ethnic disparities in health outcomes…the field must accelerate the professional development of researchers who are committed to eliminating racial and ethnic health disparities and achieving health equity.”

Anti-Racism Methods for Big Data Research: Lessons Learned from the HIV Testing, Linkage, & Retention in Care (HIV TLR) Study
2018 Aug 9
Chandra L. Ford, Lois M. Takahashi, P. Paul Chandanabhumma, Maria Elena Ruiz, William E. Cunningham

Abstract
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30116096/

Full Article
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6092168/

Commentary: Critical Race Theory Training to Eliminate Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities: The Public Health Critical Race Praxis Institute
2018 Aug 9
James Butler, Craig S. Fryer, Mary A. Garza, Sandra C. Quinn, Stephen B. Thomas

Abstract
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30116099/

Full Article
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6092161/

Critical Race Theory

https://cyber.harvard.edu/bridge/CriticalTheory/critical4.htm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Critical_race_theory

Writing about technology, people, and complex systems.